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24 Interesting Facts About Somalia 

Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, and Kenya to the south. The Gulf of Aden lies to the northeast, and the Indian Ocean covers its eastern coast. With a population of over 10 million people, it is the most populous country in East Africa.

Somalia has a rich culture and history that is evident in its art, music, and traditional dress. Despite being one of the poorest countries in the world, Somalia is home to many beautiful landmarks and natural wonders. Here are 24 interesting facts about Somalia:

1. Somalia has a rich musical heritage, which the country’s first president almost single-handedly brought back to life at a time when it was dying off due to war and instability.

2. The UN has estimated that more than half of Somali citizens are illiterate, and its citizens have an average lifespan of around 52 years of age (the shortest in the world). In addition, nearly three million people live on less than one dollar a day.

3. The capital Mogadishu is among the most violent cities in the entire world – it is home to at least five separate clans who wage a constant battle against each other for control over territory, business interests and political power. This can be attributed to Somalia previously being under colonial rule for centuries.

4. Somalia is also home to the world’s longest river, the River Jubba. It stretches over 1,600 miles from its source in the Ethiopian Highlands to the Indian Ocean.

5. The country’s coastline is a beautiful mixture of rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, and coral reefs. It is also a hot spot for marine life, with many species of dolphins, whales and sharks found in its waters.

6. The Somali people are renowned for their hospitality and generosity; it is considered very rude to refuse an invitation to dinner or a drink, even if you don’t know the person very well.

7. The Somali language, which is spoken by around 15 million people worldwide, belongs to the Afroasiatic family.

8. Somalia is a Muslim country and Sharia law is used as the basis for all national legislation.

9. The Somali flag consists of three horizontal stripes – green, white and blue. It was adopted in 1960, shortly after independence from British colonial rule.

10. Somalia has a long and complex history, which can be traced back over 2,000 years to the ancient kingdom of Punt.

11. In 1988, Somalia became the first country in Africa to achieve independence from European colonial rule.

12. Prior to 1991, Somalia was a socialist state and was closely allied with the Soviet Union.

13. The Somali people are renowned for their entrepreneurship and business skills; many own businesses both inside and outside of the country, while some have become very successful in Europe and America.

14. Despite having no official government or central administration for almost two decades, Somalia is still regarded as one of the most stable countries in Africa.

15. The capital, Mogadishu (population 1 million), was hit by a massive bomb attack in October 1993 that killed around 300 people. It has since been rebuilt and is now home to many important buildings, including the Presidential Palace, which was built during Italian colonial rule in the 1930s.

16. Ladybird books are extremely popular among Somali children—they are used to teach them how to read and write at school instead of textbooks, which are not widely available due to rampant piracy across the country’s various print industries.

17. The Somali people are predominantly nomadic herders, and many still rely on their traditional livestock – camels, cows, goats, and sheep – for their day-to-day survival.

18. Somalia has two official languages, Somali and Arabic. However, English is also widely spoken due to the country’s close relationship with the United States.

19. Somalia is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north and east, Kenya to the southeast, and Sudan to the west.

20. Somalia has a total land area of 637,657 square kilometers (246,201 square miles) and is Africa’s most populous country, with around 16 million people.

21. In 2011, Somalia became the first country in the world to be added to the United Nations list of least developed countries.

22. Somalia has no official postal service or postal code system, and most towns and cities do not have street names—they are instead identified by signs erected along roads leading into them that depict their main points of interest.

24. Somalia’s economy is one of the most underdeveloped in the world—it relies heavily on livestock exports, remittances from Somalis living abroad, and foreign aid from various international organizations such as UNICEF and WHO.

In summary, this article presents interesting facts about Somalia, a country located in Africa that is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Sudan with an estimated population of 16 million people. The article discusses the country’s history, economy, and culture. Somalia is predominantly a Muslim country with a Sharia law-based legal system. The Somali Flag consists of three horizontal stripes: green, white, and blue. The capital Mogadishu was rebuilt following a massive bomb attack in 1993 and is now home to many important buildings, including the Presidential Palace that was built during Italian colonial rule in the 1930s.

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